Journal of Energy Technology and Environment 4(4) 2022 pp.42- 55 

Economic-Based Comparative analysis of Gasoline and Liquefied Petroleum Gas for Small Scale Power Generation in Nigeria

Victor Okon David and Aniekan Essienubong Ikpe

Abstract

In this study, economic and environmental benefits of using natural gas in Nigeria, particularly for small-scale power generation sets was analyzed. A 3.5 kVA generator, an LPG carburetor, a Wattmeter, and other equipment were used to perform the analysis experimentally. A code written in Engineering Equation Solver served as the theoretical basis for the analysis of energy conversion methods starting from first principles. The experiment lasted for eight hours, and lifespan of the generating set was predicted to be five years. The results indicated that for delivering the same output of 3.5 kW, the instantaneous PMS and LPG consumption were 0.511 liters/h and 0.391 kg/h, respectively. When using PMS, the cost of electricity per unit was determined to be 183.5 N/kWh, while the cost of electricity per unit for LPG at the current prices of PMS and LPG was high at 324.2 N/kWh. However, when using LPG at a lower LPG price per kilogram, the unit cost of electricity was determined as 175.6 N/kWh. Furthermore, PMS seemed to be a more cost-effective choice given the high cost of LPG at the moment, which is about N750 per kilogram. Hence, with LPG price reduction to N350, using LPG is economically viable with greater potential for cutting down greenhouse gas emissions in Nigeria.

Keywords: Power generation, Natural gas, Gasoline, Energy, Economic analysis

Cite this article as: Victor Okon David and Aniekan Essienubong Ikpe. (2022). Economic-Based Comparative analysis of Gasoline and Liquefied Petroleum Gas for Small Scale Power Generation in Nigeria. Journal of Energy Technology and Environment (NIPES), 4(4), 42–55. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7445287