ERGONOMICS STUDY OF THE INCIDENCE OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER AMONG THE SCHOOL TEACHERS IN EGBA DIVISION OF OGUN STATE NIGERIA

Musa, Adekunle Ibrahim and Qutubuddin, Syed. M

Abstract

Musculoskeletal pains (MP) especially the lower back, leg, neck and shoulder pain were the common complain among the classroom teachers due to prolong desk working and standing in the classroom. The study was conducted among the primary and secondary school classroom teachers in randomly selected two hundred and seven (207) schools in Egba division of Ogun State, Nigeria. Four thousand five hundred (4,500) modified Nodic Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) questionnaires were administered to the classroom teachers to assess their body parts with MSDs and their perceptions on health risk at work but four thousand and sixty (90.2%) participated. The analysis of the study revealed that the total prevalence of MSDs is 70.47%. The result showed that 65.2%, 18.9%, 11.7%, 3.2% and 1.1% of the teachers complained of leg pain (LP), lower back pain (LBP), shoulder pain (SP), Neck pain (NP) and upper back pain (UBP) respectively. The result further revealed that 49.7% of the teachers activated rest or sleep as a way of treatment of their nursing pains. Only 33.6% visit the hospital or clinic while 14.8% and 2.2% indulged in self-medication or otherwise. The results further showed that the classroom teachers are affected by work-related MSDs and that they represent an occupational group with high prevalence of MP. The result concluded that strategies are needed to be developed to reduce the MP in teachers. Read full PDF

Keywords: MSDs, teacher, classroom, school, primary, secondary

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